Accessorial Service:
A service rendered by a carrier in addition to a transportation service, such as stopping in transit to complete loading or partially unload.

Back Haul:
Freight secured to fill equipment which would otherwise return to base empty. 

Bill of Lading:
A legal contract between the shipper and the carrier spelling out the terms of the agreement. 

Blocking or Bracing:
Wood or metal supports to keep shipments in place in or on trailer. 

Break Bulk:
A location where freight is combined and redistributed. 

Class Rate:
A rate applicable to the class to which an article is assigned in the classification or exception to the classification. 

Classification (Freight):
A publication containing a list of articles and the classes to which they are assigned for the purpose of applying class rates, together with governing rules and regulations. 

A term denoting that transportation charges are to be paid at the point of destination (by the receiver).  

Common Carrier:
A person or firm engaged in the transportation of passengers or property for hire for the general public. 

Concealed Damages:
A damage to the contents of a package which is in good order externally.

The person or firm to whom articles are shipped.

Consolidated Center:
A location where freight is combined and redistributed.

Contract Carrier:
By motor vehicles, any person not a common carrier, who under special and individual contracts or agreements, transports property by motor vehicle for compensation.

The relationship of the weight of a shipment to the physical space it occupies. 

The location to which a shipment is consigned.

Freight Bill:
A bill rendered by a transportation line, giving a description of the freight, the name of the consignee and shipper, point of origin, weight and amount of charges.

Refers to freight coming into a particular facility.

Interstate Traffic:
Traffic moving from a point in one state to a point in another state; between points in the same state, but passing within or through another state enroute.

Intrastate Traffic:
Traffic having origin, destination, and entire transportation within the same state.

Less Than Truckload (LTL):
A quantity of freight less than that required for the application of a reduced rate by reason of sizable weight. Weight bracket of less than 10,000#(0-9,999#).

Limited Service:
A service point which may or may not be serviceable pending freight specifications.

Freight leaving a particular facility.

Over Freight:
Freight separated from its waybill and bearing no identifying marks.

An excess of freight over quantity billed.

Authority or permit granted by Interstate Commerce Commission or other regulatory body to motor carriers to operate in interstate commerce. (Much the same as a certificate).

Point of Origin:
The terminal at which a shipment is received by a transportation line from the shipper.

Prepaid or Prepay:
A term denoting that transportation charges have been or are to be paid at the point of shipment.

Pro Number:
A number or combination of numbers used to identify a Freight Bill. 

A charge above the usual or customary charge (Most common surcharge is related to fuel)